Mihi! ka tukua e matou e mohio koe, ina te mea e wātea ana mō te hoko i te pukapuka.

Katia tenei karere

Kia mohio ki ahau, ina ko te pukapuka mo te hoko

Mihi! ka tukua e matou e mohio koe, ina te mea e wātea ana mō te hoko i te pukapuka.

Katia tenei karere

Kia mohio ki ahau ka mutu te pukapuka te

Preface

Hoki ahau, ka anga tenei pukapuka i roto i te 2005, i te mahi ahau i runga i toku otr. I rere ahau he whakamātau online, e ka korerotia e ahau ki a koutou e pā ana ki te katoa i roto i te Pene 4, engari inaianei haere ahau ki te korero ki a koutou te tahi mea e kore e he e i roto i tetahi pepa mātauranga. A, te reira te tahi mea e puta ke faufaa pehea whakaaro ahau e pā ana ki te rangahau. Kotahi ata, ka tirohia e ahau i te tukutuku-tūmau, kitea ahau e whai wāhi te pō e pā ana ki te 100 te iwi i Brazil i roto i toku whakamātautau. i te pānga hohonu ki ahau i tenei wheako. I taua wa, i ahau hoa nei i rere ngā taiwhanga tuku iho, a mohio ahau pehea pakeke ratou i ki te mahi ki te kimi, mātakitaki, ka utu iwi ki te whai wāhi i roto i to ratou ngā; ki te taea e ratou te rere 10 te iwi i roto i te ra kotahi, ko e pai te ahunga whakamua. Ko, me toku whakamātautau online, whai wāhi 100 iwi, a moe ana ahau. Mahi koutou rangahau ia e moe koe kia tangi pai rawa ki te kia pono, engari e kore e he te reira. Huringa i roto i te hangarau-āta te whakawhitinga i te tairitenga ao ki te mamati tonu-ware e nehenehe ia tatou ia kohikohi i teie nei, ka tātari raraunga pāpori i roto i ara hou. He pukapuka tēnei mō te mahi rangahau pāpori i roto i enei huarahi hou.

Tenei pukapuka ko te hoki hapori e rua rerekē. Ko te reira hoki kaipūtaiao pāpori e hiahia ana ki te mahi i nui ake pūtaiao raraunga, a he mea hoki pūtaiao raraunga e hiahia ana ki te mahi i te pūtaiao atu pāpori. noho ahau te wa i roto i rua o enei hapori, me tenei pukapuka ko toku ngana ki te kawe tahi ratou whakaaro i roto i te ara e mawehe nga quirks me hāngai o rānei. Homai nga hapori e tenei pukapuka he hoki, kia haere i te reira, kahore e mea e tenei pukapuka he kore hoki noa ngā ākonga me ahorangi. kua mahi ahau etahi i roto i te kāwanatanga (i te US Census Bureau) me i roto i te ahumahi hangarau (i Microsoft Rangahau), a mohio ana ahau e reira he rota o te rangahau whakaongaonga tupu waho o ngā whare wānanga. Na, ki te whakaaro koe o ta koutou e mahi rite rangahau pāpori, na tenei pukapuka ko te hoki koutou, kahore he mea i reira te mahi koe ranei te aha te huru o tikanga koutou te whakamahi i tēnei wā.

Ko matou tonu i roto i nga ra wawe o te rangahau pāpori i roto i te ao mamati, a kua kite ahau i te tahi mau pōhēhētanga e pera tumu, me te kia noa e hanga ana e ia te tikanga tino ki ahau mo te whakatutuki ia ratou i konei, i roto i te omuaraa. Mai i kaipūtaiao raraunga, kua kite ahau i rua pōhēhētanga noa. Kei te whakaaro te tuatahi e atu raraunga solves aunoa raruraru. Ko, no te rangahau pāpori e kore kua toku wheako. I roto i te meka, mo te rangahau pāpori momo hou o te raraunga, rite te ātete ki atu o te raraunga taua, mea ki te kia tino āwhina. Kei te whakaaro te rua te pōhēhētanga e kua kite ahau i te pūtaiao raraunga e pūtaiao pāpori ko te paihere noa o-korero rerehua takai huri noa tikanga noa. O te akoranga, me te he pāpori kaipūtaiao-atu āta rite te sociologist-ahau e kore whakaae ki taua; whakaaro ahau e pūtaiao pāpori he rota o ki te whakahere. Kua iwi Smart mahi pakeke ki te mārama ki te whanonga tangata mo te wa roa, a te mea te reira whakaarokore ki te tau'a ore i te whakaaro nui, kua putu e i tenei kaha. Taku e tumanako ai ko e ka whakahere tenei pukapuka koutou etahi o taua whakaaro nui i roto i te ara e he ngāwari ki te matau.

Mai i kaipūtaiao pāpori, kua kite ano hoki ahau i rua pōhēhētanga noa. Tuatahi, kua kite ahau i te tahi mau iwi tuhituhi-atu te whakaaro katoa o te rangahau pāpori mā te whakamahi i te taputapu o te ao mamati i runga i te torutoru pepa kino. Ki te kei te pānui koe i tēnei pukapuka, kua koutou pea lau kē he paihere o pepa e whakamahi raraunga pāpāho pāpori i roto i ara e te hunga banal ranei he (ranei e rua). E rawa ahau. Heoi, e te mea he hape nui ki te faka'osi'aki i enei tauira e he kino tau mamati rangahau pāpori katoa. I roto i te meka, pea kua tai'o koe ano he paihere o pepa e whakamahi raraunga rangahau i roto i ngā huarahi e banal ranei he, engari e kore koutou e tuhituhi-atu rangahau katoa te whakamahi i rangahau. Ko te no te mea e matau ana koutou, kahore he rangahau nui mahi ki raraunga rangahau, a i roto i tenei pukapuka, Kei te haere ahau ki te whakaatu ki a koutou i reira he hoki rangahau nui mahi ki nga taputapu o te ao mamati.

Te pōhēhē noa te rua e kua kite ahau i kaipūtaiao pāpori ko ki whakapoauau te hakari ki te heke mai. A, no te aromatawai rangahau pāpori i roto i te ao-te mamati rangahau e haere ahau ki te whakaahua i roto i tenei pukapuka-reira he nui ki te ui pātai wehewehe rua:

  • Kia pehea te pai e tenei kāhua o te mahi rangahau i teie nei?
  • Kia pehea te pai ka tenei kāhua o te mahi rangahau i roto i te heke mai ano nga huringa whenua raraunga, me te rite kairangahau lī'oa atu aro ki enei raruraru?

Ahakoa e whakangungua kairangahau ki te whakahoki i te pātai tuatahi, mo tenei pukapuka, whakaaro ahau he nui atu te pātai tuarua. Ko, ahakoa kahore i rangahau pāpori i roto i te ao mamati ano hua nui, tauira-huri takoha hinengaro, he tere mīharo te auau o te whakapai ake o te rangahau ao mamati. Ko tenei tere o te huringa, nui atu i te taumata o nāianei, e hanga mamati rangahau tau kia whakaongaonga ki ahau.

Ahakoa whakaaro e paratarafa hopea ki te whakahere a koutou taonga pea i etahi wa kāore i roto i te heke mai, e kore toku whāinga i roto i tenei pukapuka ko te ki te hoko koe i runga i tetahi momo ngā o te rangahau. e kore ahau te mahi fakatāutaha ake hea i roto i Twitter, Facebook, Google, Microsoft, Apple ranei tetahi atu kamupene hangarau (ahakoa, mo te whakaaro ki o te whakaaturanga tonu, kua mahi ahau i whiwhi pūtea rangahau i Microsoft, Google, a Facebook ranei). Ki te mea ko te harikoa ki te rangahau e e kua mahi koe koutou: nui, kia mau te mahi ki ta e mahi koe. Engari, ki te he tikanga i koutou e te tikanga te ao mamati e taea nga mea hou, me te rerekē, ka hiahia ahau ki te whakaatu ki a koutou te hunga e taea. Ko te kupu, puta noa i te pukapuka toku whāinga ko te ki te noho i te taata pono, korero koe e pā ana ki te mea whakaongaonga katoa hou e he taea, i te ārahi atu koe i te torutoru mau herepata e kua kite ahau taka etahi ki. Te ti'aturi nei au e, e tauturu i tenei te whakapai ake to koutou rangahau, me te tauturu i te arotake i pai koutou te rangahau o ētahi atu.

Ka rite ki ai koe kua kite kua, ko te wahi rerekē i etahi atu pukapuka mātauranga te reo o tenei pukapuka. Ko te whakaae. puta tenei pukapuka i te hui paetahi e kua whakaako ahau i Princeton i te Tari o Sociology, a hiahia ana ahau i tenei pukapuka ki te hopu i etahi o te te pūngao me te oaoa i taua hui. I roto i ngā, e hiahia ana ahau i tenei pukapuka ki te whai toru ngā āhuatanga: āwhina, anaanatae, a heke mai-hāngai.

Āwhina: taku whāinga ko te ki te tuhituhi i te pukapuka e he āwhina hoki koutou. Na reira, Kei te haere ahau ki te tuhituhi i roto i te kāhua tuwhera, me te ōpaki. Ko te no te mea ko te mea tino nui e hiahia ana ahau ki te kawe i tetahi ara o te whakaaro e pā ana ki te rangahau pāpori. Na, e toku wheako i te whakaako kōrero e te ara pai ki te kawe i tenei ara o te whakaaro ko te ōpaki me ki te rota o tauira.

Rorotu: pūtaiao nga hapori e rua e tenei pukapuka rave-pāpori me raraunga pūtaiao-whai momo rawa rerekē. Ko te tikanga oaoa pūtaiao Raraunga; ahu e ratou ki te kite i te karaihe rite te hawhe tonu. kaipūtaiao Social, i runga i te tahi atu i te ringa, he tikanga ake tino; ahu e ratou ki te kite i te karaihe rite te hawhe kau. I roto i tenei pukapuka, Kei te haere ahau ki te tango i te reo rorotu o te pūtaiao raraunga, ahakoa ko toku whakangungu rite te aivanaa pāpori. Na, ina tapaea ahau mau hi'oraa, Kei te haere ahau ki te korero ki a koutou te mea e aroha ahau e pā ana ki enei tauira. A, ina mahi ahau tohu i raruraru ki nga tauira-a ka meatia e ahau tenei no te mea he tino-homai e haere ki te tamata ki te tohu i roto i enei raruraru i roto i te ara he pai, me te anaanatae kahore rangahau. e kore e haere au e ahau ki te kia tino mo te whakaaro ki o te tino. Kei te haere ahau ki te kia tino kia e nehenehe e tauturu ia e ahau ki a koutou te hanga i rangahau ataahua atu.

Future-hāngai: Te ti'aturi nei au e, e tauturu i tenei pukapuka mahi koutou rangahau pāpori whakamahi i te pūnaha mamati e tīariari tenei ra, me te pūnaha mamati kia e ka hanga i roto i te heke mai. tīmata ahau mahi tenei ahua o te rangahau i roto i te 2003, a mai i reira kua kite ahau i te rota o te huringa. mahara ahau e, i ahau i roto i te iwi kura puta i te tino oaoa e pā ana te whakamahi i MySpace mō te rangahau pāpori. A, no te ahau i whakaako toku piha tuatahi i runga i te mea e ahau ka karangatia e "rangahau pāpori hāngai tukutuku-," i tino oaoa e pā ana ao mariko pērā i SecondLife iwi. Ua papû e i roto i te heke mai nui o te mea e korero iwi e pā ana ki tenei ra, ka mea heahea, me te tawhito ahau. Te taea ki te noho hāngai i roto i te mata o tenei huringa tere ko te oti'a. Na reira, e kore e haere tenei ki te waiho i te pukapuka e haapii koutou rite pehea ki te whakamahi i te API Twitter; hei utu mo, Kei te haere te reira ki te waiho i te pukapuka e haapii koe e founga ki te ako i ngā tohu mamati (Chapter 2). e kore e haere ana tēnei ki te riro i te pukapuka e homai taahiraa-e-taahiraa koe tohutohu mō te rere ngā i runga i Amazon Mechanical Turk; hei utu mo, Kei te haere te reira ki te whakaako koe e founga ki te hoahoa me te whakamāori ngā e whakawhirinaki i runga i hanganga tau mamati (Chapter 4). Na roto i te whakamahi o te oti'a, e tumanako ana ahau e waiho hei pukapuka mure ore i runga i te kaupapa wā tenei.

whakaaro ahau ko te wa tino whakaongaonga ake ki te waiho i te kairangahau pāpori tenei, a ka haere ahau ki te tamata ki te kawe i taua oaoa i roto i te ara e ko te pū. E ko, ko te wa ki te neke tua atu generalities marama e pā ana ki te mana tinihanga o raraunga hou. Ko te wā ki te tiki motuhake.